From: Xxxxxx Xxxxxx [email@example.com]
Sent: Monday, April 26, 1999 10:01 PM
To: Matt Butler
Subject: just to say hey!
We didn’t get to talk much at Xxxxxx’s party, and I’ve been
very busy and not had alot of time to send much mail, so here it goes.
Congratulations on going to grad school. Your mom wasn’t sure
what your degree is in, so let me know. I don’t think I would have the
patience to go to grad school. I’ve met too many people with multiple
degrees in studio art and they seem to be more obsessed with letting
people know their academic background than actually using their degrees!
But these are the same people who would rather tell me what the artist
was doing or feeling when they did the painting, instead of just
enjoying the way it looks. Xxxxx is a little (no – alot) like this.
She is the art historian of the family. Xxxx can’t stand her analysis
of everything. Oh well, I’m sure you will do fine and have a great
time! Good Luck.
The story of my Fathers (but not Mothers) is one of conquest, brutal theft of land, and genocide. It all started 30,000 years ago when my paternal ancestors were some of the first Cro-Magnon people to emerge out of Central Asia into what is now Europe. We cohabited the land for many centuries with the Neanderthal but greed and corruption got the best of us. Over the course of several millennia we competitively replaced the Neanderthal in their native land and began the systematic colonization of modern Europe, killing off an entire species of proto-humans in the process.
My people made the Pyrenees Mountains their home for untold generations after that. Current-day Southern France, Northern Spain, Andorra, and parts of Northern Portugal are what we called home for thousands of generations. Much later, during the Roman Empire, some of my family can be triangulated to the coasts of the Catalan-Balearic Sea in western Spain. We were no doubt conscripted to conquer land.
Another branch, which lived a bit further north in Southern France, were some of the first families to invade Ireland in the 12th century A.D., again, fueled by a lust for conquest and domination. Theobald Walter, who accompanied Prince John (the bad guy in the Robin Hood stories) into Ireland in 1185, was named Butler of Ireland. Theobald changed his surname to Butler to mark his service to the crown. This is the origin of my current family name and Kilkenny Castle in Southern Ireland became the seat of the Butler family for 500 years. To some it represents the spoils of war – to others, the domination of an indigenous population.
A group of Butlers moved from Ireland to the New World in the 17th century, becoming farmers and trappers – and no doubt slave owners – in the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky before heading north, up the Big River, into Illinois near Carthage. Since the early 1800’s, the Butlers have lived on or around the Mississippi River. This is where I grew up: as the grandson of two Railroad men on the banks of the Mighty Mississippi. I hope our brutal legacy has come to a close at last.
In fact, one very small branch of our paternal family tree now ends with me, my brother, and one male cousin. Unless we produce sons, that twig of the tree ends with us. So far, I think we’ve decided to let that happen.
I totally forgot I wrote this for a project by ACE = Art Culture Experiments back in 2008 and just stumbled across it on Google. It was prompted by a controversial use of the word ‘queer’ and various artists and writers were asked to contribute a blurb about it. Unsurprisingly, mine ended up being overly technical.
“What are your thoughts on Queer?”
Matt Butler wrote:
“A naming collision is a circumstance where two or more identifiers in a given namespace or a given scope cannot be unambiguously resolved, and such unambiguous resolution is a requirement of the underlying system.”
It seems to me that the identifier becomes ambiguous when used outside of either heteronormative or LGBT communities. Depending on the community, it can be used positively or negatively. It’s probably most confusing when used by people who don’t strongly identify with either community and are unsure of how their use of the word will be perceived. My feeling is that the only way to reduce ambiguity is to always default to a positive connotation that represents pride, acceptance and love. Further use of in this way, particularly in public contexts where a naming collision is likely, will help to clearly define the word for confused individuals. It is clear that the pejorative use of has been deprecated and should be avoided.
There was a time, before 9/11, when you could leave and enter this country on nothing but a driver’s license and a smile. Back in ’00, I backpacked and smiled my way down to the Southern-most part of Mexico to find the legendary beach of Zipolite. Maybe I watched The Beach one too many times or maybe I was looking for the perfect anti-Acapulco with Leonardo, but after several bus rides, cab rides, hitchhikes and hikes, I found the beach.
I heard about Zipolite from a friend of a friend and decided I needed to visit this Shangri-La, no-law, clothing-optional paradise. Forget Cabo San Lucas and it’s two-week, drunk, spring-break crowd, I was looking for a real change in my reality — and I found it. Most of Zipolite’s inhabitants hailed from South America, Germany, Sweden, Mexico, or somewhere else. This was a place to live for a while. The nudity was certainly awkward at first but after a few days of living on the beach, it became a part of life. Living on the beach meant renting a hammock for two dollars per night or a cabana for six. After a few nights of bonfires, music, tuna pizza, and dangerous riptides, we all became close, if only temporary friends. That’s when I met John.
John was an American, though he seemed like he belonged to Mexico. Most of his days were spent surfing the murderous waves at the beach, drinking juice and Mezcal, and fighting with his girlfriend. A lot of people have died at Zipolite, but John told me how to beat the tide. It was all a myth, he said. “Everyone is scared”. I never went in over my head, but I knew that if I got sucked out to sea all I had to do was swim parallel to shore. Sometimes I wished I could get swept down the coast to the little Shambala commune built into the cliff. I heard from John that it was built in the 60’s, and rarely used today.
I walked the two miles down the beach and up the hand-carved staircase to the abandoned temple. The dwellings were all uninhabited and the prayer area was empty. I became scared on top of the cliff overlooking the Pacific, so I snapped one single shot on my five dollar 3-D camera I picked up at Osco a month before. The abstract blue sea photo is the only photographic proof I have of Zipolite to this day. Later that week, I ran into John again. I never grew tired of watching him peel foil from the lid of the small plastic juice bottles that he could buy for a peso. He would take a quick drink then would top off the container with his Mezcal. Mezcal is a hallucinogenic drink, like absinthe. Get drunk enough and you’ll start seeing things. But that day John was more intersested in scissors. Scissors are a versatile tool. Betther than a knife, he claimed. You could cut in so many different ways with a pair of scissors. He hadn’t seen any scissors for about three years so I gave him mine. It was nearing the end of my trip and I hadn’t even considered my scissors until now. Live on the beach for a month, and you don’t need to sew. Live on the beach for a year, and it’s a way to keep your clothes together. I gave John the utensil and considered it even for the surf lessons and lore.
A couple of years later I heard from some friends that John got deported. Supposedly he landed back into America in New York harbor on the morning of September 11, 2001.
“Everyone is scared” I reminded myself.
If you’ve spent any length of time in our fair city you’ve probably noticed we have a healthy and vibrant drinking culture. The cool kids here like to go out and have their PBRs or high-quality craft beers or Jagerbombs or whatever. Along with the celebrating (who-knows-what) comes the inevitable and dreaded Public Intoxication arrest – a misdemeanor so varied in its applicability some are left to wonder what it actually means. To the knowledgeable, public intox means you were in the wrong place at the wrong time. To the less informed it automatically means you were blacked out face-down in the middle of Linn St. It’s a very wide range but let’s look at the law.
According to Iowa Code section 123.46
You can be arrested if you are drunk or pretending to be drunk in a public place. What is drunk (or pretend drunk) and what is public you ask? Drunk means your reason or mental ability has been affected, judgement impaired, emotions visibly excited, or you’ve lost control of bodily actions. Public place means streets, parking lots, steps of apartment buildings, dorms, bars, and event centers. So that means you can technically be arrested if you’re emotionally excited in a bar. Woo hoo. Bring on the fun. Hope you hate music.
You also probably know you have some rights if you’re ever caught with a buzz on someplace besides locked in your bedroom with the shades pulled. See, there’s a thing called the 5th Amendment. This means you can’t be forced to be a witness against yourself. It roughly translates into “DON’T TALK TO THE COPS.” If they ask you if you’ve been drinking you don’t have to answer. You also get to refuse a breath test. You may instead request an independent chemical test. Oh, and the cop can’t order you into public either if you’re not already.
Now that that’s clear, let’s move on to how the police will lie to you and trick you into invalidating one of those rights. Of course your mileage may vary depending on your skin color.
The police (in their unending interest to protect and serve us) have developed a series of tactics to trick the citizenry into getting arrested. If you don’t believe me, just ask anyone who’s been at the ass end of one of these bogus public intox charges. It happens more than you think and there’s not a damn thing you can do about it except hopelessly whine to the Council or Police Citizen’s Review Board.
There’s no way to prove this conspiracy theory except share stories of dumb Public Intox arrests.
David Shields, in his book Reality Hunger: A Manifesto, boldy declares fiction and other forms of traditional literature to be moribund. Our nebulous and highly diffused modern culture is rendering these forms into something unrecognizable to the previous generation. Writers and artists are taking larger chunks of culture as raw material, blurring the line between truth and lie – fiction and non-fiction – book and everything else.
As an official UNESCO City of Literature, Iowa City is like the Silicon Valley of literature. Nicknamed “Pulitzer Town”, it is an engine of creation, with some of the smartest writers in the world travelling here to fund and develop their lit “startup”. The analogy extends further with the renown Writer’s Workshop serving as the Y Combinator or the Sequoia Capital of writerly ventures. Experience and critical mass make Iowa City the perfect place to begin a new literary startup.
However, if Shields is to be believed, Iowa City’s reputation is threatened. The town’s lit cred is based almost entirely off of the traditional model. The Great American Novel, the proud memoir, the meticulous poem, and the other forms one can only imagine are banged out on an old typewriter with cigarette dangling from artist’s mouth make up the town’s literary history. What happens to this venerable tradition when it is swallowed by the rolling mechanization of the future? How will the quiet and scholarly writer of literature respond to the insatiable appetite for reality as Shields predicts? Will Iowa City become to the City of Literature what Detroit became to the Motor City?
2. Studio History
Intermedia Writing Systems (IWS) was founded in 2008 by Matthew Butler as a studio focused on developing electronic art and literature. The first major project was working with with Aaron Sachs, doctoral student in Communications and Media Theory, on a digital translation of his creative research paper. They presented Box Full A of Angels at the National Communication Association’s annual conference in 2008. A Box Full of Angels was an interactive narrative space disguised as a computer operating system. Users could navigate the interface to discover and piece together the fictional research of other scholars piecing together fictional research. Each generation of scholar would compile their research into a box to be discovered by a new scholar, unraveling another layer of fiction/research. Ultimately the user could unlock the religious connotations of the overarching narrative to reveal a real-time chat session with media theorists Marshall McLuhan and Walter Benjamin, answering the user’s questions from beyond the grave. Version 2 of A Box Full of Angels was selected for inclusion in the 2009 FILE Electronic Language Festival in São Paulo, Brazil.
Further IWS projects have investigated the authenticity of authorship through specialized writing algorithms, namely the Open Wound application developed by Butler. Open Wound analyzes existing writing then outputs a stylized text using the words and parts-of-speech in the original. In 2010 IWS published the hardcover book Gravitation at the Jet Realm.
IWS has also produced mobile applications, particularly Anemoi in 2010. In Greek mythology, the Anemoi were wind gods who were each ascribed a cardinal direction, from which their respective winds came, and were each associated with various seasons and weather conditions. They were often personified as winged men and, according to the Greek poet Hesiod, were the children of Astraeus and the goddess of the dawn Eos. This web application attempted to bridge the gap between data and poetry. It queried NOAA for current wind directions based on an airport of the user’s choosing then returned the results as the appropriate wind god of Greek mythology.
3. Vision Statement
We will increase the value of our studio and our national portfolio of diversified projects by exceeding expectations and achieving artistic leadership and operating excellence in every segment of our studio.
There’s been a lot of talk lately about labor unions, spurred on of course by the events in Wisconsin and other states. As a worker who takes on jobs both with and without union representation, I thought I’d chime in briefly with my thoughts on the matter. Currently my time is split at about 75% union work and 25% non-union work.
I’ve been a member of a labor union since 1999 when I joined COGS UE Local 896 and then later AFSCME as part of my employment at the Iowa City Public Library. In ’99 I was pretty ignorant about why I needed to join COGS or what my dues were even paying for, but I was interested and willing to give it a shot. During the semester I began graduate school, the union was locked in a fairly heated battle with the University over delays in TA paychecks. Some of the teaching and research assistants were going months without pay and the union was rightfully upset by it. I saw first-hand then how useful the union was for me and the power of collective bargaining. The union stood up for its members and were able to get the problem solved. I was sold on their effectiveness.
As a member of AFSCME, I’m not as active in the union as I’d like to be but am still a proud member that believes very strongly in collective bargaining and making sure all workers are represented fairly and compensated equitably. I’m completely convinced that the only way workers at Wal-Mart, for example, would be able to increase their benefits is to organize and unionize. There is currently no possible way for the “lowly employee” to demand just action from Wal-Mart management without being a member of a collective.
As I mentioned, 25% of my time is also spent running a very small consulting business. As sole-proprietor, I’m free to charge what I like for my work, directly pay taxes on the revenue that comes in, and watch as my tiny business succeeds or fails based on my own efforts and skill. It’s fun and frustrating. I do it less for the money and more for the chance at working on interesting projects, but it’s still a legit company with a tax ID from the federal government and all the joys and headaches that brings.
My feeling is that a lot of people who hate unions own a business or work in a private company and have plans to move up. They see a better world where everyone competes based on merit and skill and that’s how we bring out the best work and product. This is a narrow view of the world. It might work for the person that is developing his small 25% time business like mine, but this dog-eat-dog mentality just doesn’t translate to some fields and types of work.
Having worked both union and non-union I wanted to dispel some common myths that I’ve run across about labor unions. Please comment if you have something to add or if I’m making a glaring error.
Myth: Unions protect bad workers
Many anti-unionists like to claim that unions make things more inefficient by protecting bad workers. I haven’t seen this to be the case. There is obviously protectionism going on with a unionized group of workers… that’s kinda the point. But in my experience, working in a union environment means everything is spelled out in detail and you know exactly what you can and can’t get away with. I think this is what gets misunderstood. In a non-union job you can be fired for pretty much anything. Boss doesn’t like you, you’re gone. This isn’t fair and it’s what unions protect against. The question is who decides who is a “bad worker” or not? Being in a union simply means you get to sit down at the table with your boss and an arbitrator to decide. If this is protecting bad workers then you don’t understand what it’s like to work in a low-paid or entry level job and not have much power over your own labor. Try it and see if maybe you want a union on your side.
Myth: Unions cost more money
Sometimes they do and sometimes they don’t. It’s my opinion that people’s wages and benefits are not simply another line on the accounting ledger. It’s a special category of expense that needs to be treated with respect. Unions do not exist in order to drain money away from tax payers and capitalists. Unions exist to make sure their workers receive a just and dignified wage. This is not a bad thing.
Myth: Unions force workers to join
Maybe some do, I don’t know every union. But my rather large union and the one embroiled in the Wisconsin controversy at the moment didn’t require me to join at all. I was asked politely by the union rep if I’d like to join and I was given all the time I needed to decide. There are people that I work with that have declined and they are never pressured.
There’s probably more that I could address but I’ll stop here.
There’s an article in this month’s Little Village Magazine in which three friends and LV contributors talk about their love affair with Iowa City. I envy these guys because they all seem like down-to-earth dudes who know how to manage their relationship with Iowa City in a sane, adult way. They don’t ask too much and are always willing to give back to the relationship. It’s easy to see that when they get Iowa City pregnant they’re always there for moral support, to rub tired feet, give awesome back rubs, and go to all the lamaze classes. They are the type of kind, patient boyfriend or husband any town would want. Their babies grow up to be those well-behaved attractive kids that everyone loves.
My artistic relationship with Iowa City is more like a typical marriage going on 15 years. Sure, we love each other but the spark just isn’t there anymore. We don’t fight but we aren’t exactly consumed by passion either. Our children are C students who got busted drinking behind the high school last April. There’s a thought that maybe we’re just staying together for the kids and life might be more exciting if we cheat. Chicago was totally hitting on me last weekend and it made me feel sexy for the first time in years.
How did we get here, Iowa City? Our love affair was so steamy when we were working on that MFA together. Can we ever get that back?
I blame myself. I haven’t put in the work that you deserve. I’m there to help out if you ask a couple of times but I don’t initiate enough of the housework. You wanted me to help organize some amazing artists’ warehouse space a few months ago and instead I sat around playing Fallout 3. Not cool, and I’m sorry.
To be fair though, you never want to do anything new it seems. Whenever I suggest a new project you just fall back to the same stuff we’ve been doing since the 90’s. I know where to go to find singers, poets, crafters, and gardeners but I can never seem to find hackers, video artists, media designers, and developers. Am I too digital for you?
I’m sure we’ll get through this like we always do. Baths is playing at Gabe’s in a couple of weeks. There’s 3-D porn at the Bijou tonight. And hey, Jimmy Wales is coming to town, so that’s cool. We can make it work if we stick together. If you promise not to roll your eyes when I start talking about computers I promise not to nod off when you start playing folk music.
As a kid growing up in Fort Madison, home of the Iowa State Penitentiary, I used to hear several stories about the last guy they executed in the state of Iowa. I never got too many details from the stories, only that he was hanged at dawn for the murder of a doctor. Today I found out just a bit more about this man, Victor Feguer, and that he’s buried in an unmarked grave somewhere in town. Victor’s name came up in 2001 when the U.S. government lifted the federal ban on execution for Timothy McVeigh. Mr. Feguer was the last person to be executed by Uncle Sam until McVeigh’s act of domestic terrorism prompted authorities to make an exception. His name has come up again thanks to this project.
Fun facts about the Iowa State Pen:
- The Iowa State Penitentiary is a maximum security prison for men built in 1839 – seven years before Iowa became a state.
- It’s a building that almost matches the look and age of the original fort after which the town is named.
- It’s an enormous fortress build into the bluff overlooking a wide bend of the Mississippi River.
- The Schafer Pen company used to be a couple of blocks away too, giving FM the nickname Pen City.
- Satanic rituals are routinely performed by inmates within the walls of this 19th century prison.
- Therefore, Pen City is a 200-year old town with a murderous, Satanic cult. That is creepy and awesome.
Victor was a drifter who wandered into Dubuque, Iowa in 1960 looking for drugs and a flop house. He landed at a decrepit boarding house and began calling up physicians alphabetically from the phone book. Dr. Alt was unreachable but Dr. Bartels wasn’t. Victor convinced him there was a woman who needed medical attention and that he would need to come quickly. Once Dr. Bartel arrived it was clear Victor had another plan. He kidnapped the good doctor and took him to Illinois, where he shot and killed Bartel and left his corpse in a corn field.
This is the story offered by the prosecution. Victor himself claimed that he’d met a drug addict from Chicago and the addict killed the doctor. Victor maintained to his dying day that he killed the drug addict in Dubuque and dropped the body into the Mississippi River. No body was ever found.
After a brief stint at Leavenworth, Victor was transferred to the Iowa State Penitentiary and put on death row. The Iowa governor at the time, Harold Hughes, requested clemency for Victor, but it was denied by President Kennedy due to the heinous nature of the crime. Victor spent ten quiet days there waiting for the gallows, the last night in a vigil with a Catholic Priest. For his final meal he only requested one olive with pit intact.
At dawn on the Ides of March 1963, Victor Feguer was hanged at the Iowa State Penitentiary gallows with an Associated Press reporter and Iowa Representitive John Ely as witness. The scene was too brutal for Ely, who was already a death penalty opponent. The execution of Victor Feguer inspired Ely to fight for the abolition of the death penalty in Iowa, which occurred in 1965.
Victor Feguer was buried in an unmarked grave in a Fort Madison cemetery with the single olive pit in his suit pocket.
Once the winter snow melts I think I’m going to try and find Victor’s grave. My guess is it’s either in the ISP cemetery or in the municipal cemetary. I will keep you posted.